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Making Sense of PPR in Next.js 14

NextJS PPR

Embrace the new era of web development with Next.js 14’s Partial Prerendering (PPR), where speed meets interactivity.

This innovative approach transcends technical advancement; it’s a paradigm shift that seamlessly melds static loading efficiency with dynamic content vitality. In our exploration today, we delve into how PPR is not only enhancing web application performance but also significantly enriching user engagement, marking it as a pivotal topic in the NextJS PPR conversation.


TL;DR;

In this article, we’ll take a delightful journey into the world of Partial Prerendering (PPR) in Next.js 14. Much like crafting a perfect pizza, we’ll explore its static efficiency and dynamic content flexibility, all while uncovering its benefits for web development including

  • rapid load times,
  • adaptability,
  • and ease for developers.

Let’s examine PPR’s mechanics, static and dynamic rendering, and highlight its major benefits for web performance and user engagement.

What’s the Big Deal with PPR?

Visualize your website as a pizza 🍕 (bear with me). In this analogy, the foundational dough and cheese embody your dependable, evergreen static content. Meanwhile, the toppings, which evolve based on preferences, signify your adaptable dynamic content. Here’s where PPR in Next.js 14 steps in – like a skilled chef, it masterfully readies the pizza base, then artfully layers the toppings in the oven, resulting in swifter delivery and delighted customers.

PPR combines ultra-quick static edge delivery with fully dynamic capabilities and we believe it has the potential to become the default rendering model for web applications, bringing together the best of static site generation and dynamic delivery.

Next.js

How It Works

Think of PPR in Next.js as a well-crafted culinary strategy for web applications. Initially, Next.js pre-renders a basic, yet effective, static framework for each individual page. When a user accesses a page, this efficiently pre-rendered base is quickly served, ensuring a remarkably swift initial experience. Meanwhile, complex, user-specific elements are seamlessly added in real-time by the server.

PPR effectively combines ultra-quick static edge delivery with comprehensive dynamic capabilities. This blend, much like our pizza’s foundation, ensures quick delivery and stability, while dynamic elements are added as needed, tailored to suit each user’s unique preferences.

Key Technical Ingredients

Why Should You Care?

  • Speedy Gonzales Load Times: Pages load in a blink-and-miss pace, a crucial aspect of NextJS PPR.
  • Flexibility: PPR adeptly manages content from blogs to online stores.
  • Developer’s Ease: Familiar environment with no new APIs to grapple with.

Getting Started

Secure yourself a slice of the action in Partial Prerendering by utilizing Next.js 14 Canary, which is hot and readily available in Vercel’s app directory

npm install next@canary

Toss this setup into your next.config.js crust, or use the ready-made template below to start baking your web pizza.

experimental: {
ppr: true,
},

Quick Example

Now, take a peek at this e-commerce pizza:

export default function Page() {
return (
<main>
<header>
<h1>My Store</h1>
<Suspense fallback={<CartSkeleton />}>
<ShoppingCart />
</Suspense>
</header>
<Banner />
<Suspense fallback={<ProductListSkeleton />}>
<Recommendations />
</Suspense>
<NewProducts />
</main>
);
}

This recipe crafts a static pizza base, outlined by your <Suspense /> crusts. The initial dough and sauce (the fallback in React Suspense) are pre-baked.

Then, as the order gets specific – like a customer asking for extra cheese or vegan toppings (dynamic components) – those elements are added fresh, like reading cookies to customize the cart, or updating the banner for each user. Your pizza is no longer just a pizza; it’s a dynamic delight, customized and ready to serve!


Wrapping Up

Reaching the end of our dive into the flavorful realm of Partial Prerendering in Next.js 14, the transformative nature of PPR becomes evident. Far more than a mere upgrade, it’s a paradigm shift in web development, blending speed, flexibility, and user-friendliness. PPR stands on the brink of reshaping our web creation and interaction methods. For developers of all stripes, from veterans to novices, PPR in Next.js 14 represents an exhilarating new frontier, set to enhance the efficiency of web development and the richness of user experiences.

FAQs

What is Partial Prerendering (PPR) in Next.js 14?

In the realm of web development, PPR in Next.js 14 introduces an innovative approach that seamlessly combines static loading efficiency with the dynamic vitality of content, resulting in a fluid and engaging user experience.

How does PPR enhance web application performance?

PPR enhances web application performance by pre-rendering a basic static framework for each page and then efficiently adding complex, user-specific elements in real-time. This results in rapid load times and a responsive user experience.

What are the key technical ingredients of PPR?

PPR utilizes React’s <Suspense /> feature, offering developers the choice between static and dynamic parts. It also supports Incremental Static Regeneration (ISR) for updating static content and dynamic rendering for a responsive experience.

Why should I care about PPR?

You should care about PPR because it significantly improves load times, manages content for various types of websites, and provides a familiar development environment with no new APIs to learn.

How can I get started with PPR in Next.js 14?

To get started with PPR in Next.js 14, you can install Next.js 14 Canary and enable PPR in your next.config.js file. It’s ready in Vercel’s app directory.

Dive Deeper

For those hungry to dive deeper into the world of PPR and Next.js, here are some resources to further satisfy your appetite:

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